Reflection Protocol: What? So What? Now what?
In order for real learning to take place, I feel an individual must be given time and space to think and reflect. If we want to develop self-regulated learners, time and space must be provided for students to reflect and develop self-awareness of the challenges and obstacles they have encountered with. Furthermore, through critical reflection, learners can become mindful of their own feelings and learn how to cope with different emotions. The process of recognizing different types of emotions and acquiring strategies helps students to develop grit. Reflection plays a critical role in learning and we need to guide students to conduct reflect critically and go beyond the superficial level.
"What? So What? Now What?" is a good protocol to challenge students to reflect beyond the surface level and require them to evaluate and analyze their performance. I found providing prompt questions and sentence starters is helpful and can scaffold students who are not yet comfortable in thinking and reflecting independently. Additionally, reflect comes in different formate. It doesn't always have to be written responses. Students should be encouraged to explore different ways for reflection.
Feel free to make and copy and with your students.
Note: Permission was granted by Portsmouth University to use the sentence starters. Full credits are given to Portsmouth University in this poster.